The National Museum of Anthropology (MNA) is one of the most important museum venues in Mexico and America. It is designed to house and display the archaeological legacy of the Mesoamerican peoples, as well as to account for the current ethnic diversity of the country. The current MNA building was built between 1963 and 1964 in the Chapultepec Forest on the instructions of President Adolfo López Mateos, who inaugurated it on September 17, 1964. Currently, the MNA building has 22 permanent exhibition rooms, two exhibition rooms. temporary exhibitions and three auditoriums.
Inside is the National Library of Anthropology and History. The collection of the National Museum of Anthropology is made up of numerous archaeological and ethnographic pieces from all over Mexico. Some of the most emblematic pieces in the collection include the Stone of the Sun —which is the very heart of the museum—, the colossal heads of the Olmec culture, the monumental Teotihuacan sculptures dedicated to the gods of water, the tomb of Pakal, the funerary offerings of Monte Albán, the stelae of Xochicalco, as well as a Toltec Atlantean brought from Tollan-Xicocotitlan and the Monolith of Tláloc that guards the entrance to the museum.
The MNA is one of the main tourist attractions in Mexico.
It attracts more than two million visitors each year. The museum is one of the largest museums on the continent.